Damascus

   Capital of the Umayyads (q.v.) from 661-750, situated between the eastern and western parts of this first Islamic caliphate (q.v.). The city, located in southwest Syria (q.v.) on the eastern edge of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, was in Byzantine possession until 612, in Persian hands from 612-628, and back in Byzantine possession until the Arabs (q.v.) conquered it in 635. A center of Muslim arts and learning under the Umayyads. Damascus contained the greatest Muslim building of the eighth century, the Great Mosque, adorned with wall mosaics that were probably produced by Byzantine artisans. John I Tzimiskes (q.v.) forced the city to pay tribute in 975, the year of his campaign in Syria. In the 12th century the city was the stronghold of Nur al-Din, also of Saladin (qq.v.), who died there, and whose coffin is still displayed.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • DAMASCUS — DAMASCUS, capital of Syria; in olden times a caravan center at an oasis in Southern Syria, on the principal crossroads between Mesopotamia Syria and Palestine Transjordan. In the Bible The name appears as דַּמֶּשֶׂק Dammesek (but once as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Damascus — • It is mentioned in the Bible at the time of Abraham (Gen., xiv, 15; xv, 2); also on the pylons of Karnak, among the Syrian cities captured by the Pharaoh Touthmes III Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Damascus     Damascus …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Damascus — Damascus, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 306 Housing Units (2000): 157 Land area (2000): 1.932488 sq. miles (5.005122 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.932488 sq. miles (5.005122 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Damascus — (griechisch Δαμασκός) ist: in der Antike der Name von Damaskus in Syrien Damascus (Titularerzbistum), zurückgehend auf ein erloschenes Erzbistum Damaskus der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Damaskus (Alabama) Damascus (Arkansas)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damascus — Da*mas cus, n. [L.] A city of Syria. [1913 Webster] {Damascus blade}, a sword or scimiter, made chiefly at Damascus, having a variegated appearance of watering, and proverbial for excellence. {Damascus iron}, or {Damascus twist}, metal formed of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damascus, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 306 Housing Units (2000): 157 Land area (2000): 1.932488 sq. miles (5.005122 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.932488 sq. miles (5.005122 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Damascus, GA — U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 277 Housing Units (2000): 115 Land area (2000): 1.757247 sq. miles (4.551249 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.008337 sq. miles (0.021594 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.765584 sq. miles (4.572843 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Damascus, MD — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maryland Population (2000): 11430 Housing Units (2000): 3773 Land area (2000): 9.624894 sq. miles (24.928359 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.624894 sq. miles (24 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Damascus, VA — U.S. town in Virginia Population (2000): 981 Housing Units (2000): 543 Land area (2000): 0.847727 sq. miles (2.195602 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.847727 sq. miles (2.195602 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Damascus — ancient city in Syria, famous in medieval times for silk and steel, mid 13c., from Latin Damascus, from Gk. Damaskos, from Semitic (Cf. Heb. Dammeseq, Arabic Dimashq), from a pre Semitic name of unknown origin. Related: Damascene, from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Damascus — Damascus, 1) so v.w. Damask; 2) städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Post township) in der Grafschaft [659] Wayne im Staate Pennsylvanien (Nordamerika); 3) Postort darin am Delaware River u. der Erie Eisenbahn, 550 F. lange Brücke nach dem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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